Rapports, études officielles et

Sources officielles:

1) Rapport final de la commission d’enquête sur le 11 septembre – juillet 2004:

- Rapport final de la commission d’enquête sur le 11 septembre « THE 9/11 COMMISSION REPORT: Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States » publié en juillet 2004 qui a pour mission de fournir un récit définitif des faits et circonstances relatifs aux attaques terroristes du 11 septembre 2001

2) Rapports scientifiques:

- Concernant tout le complexe du WTC:

- Rapport de la FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) « World Trade Center Building Performance Study: Data Collection, Preliminary Observations and Recommandations » publié en mai 2002 qui a pour objet d’étudier les dommages causés par le crash de 2 avions de ligne sur les tours jumelles ainsi que les dommages sur les tours voisines du complexe

- Concernant les tours jumelles uniquement:

- Publications et rapport final du NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) « Final Report of the National Construction Safety Team on the Collapses of the World Trade Center Tower » publié en septembre 2005 qui a pour objet de décrire comment les dommages causés par les impacts des 2 avions et les feux qui s’en sont ensuivis ont conduient à l’effondrement du WTC

- Publication postérieure au rapport final sur l’effondrement des tours jumelles du NIST « Answers to Frequently Asked Questions » publiée en août 2006 qui a pour but de répondre aux questions posées les plus fréquentes

- Publication postérieure au rapport final sur l’effondrement des tours jumelles du NIST « Answers to Frequently Asked Questions – Supplement«  publiée en décembre 2007

Concernant le WTC7:

- Rapport final du NIST sur l’effondrement du WTC7 publiée en octobre 2008

- Questions and Answers about the NIST WTC 7 Investigation (mis à jour 04/21/2009)

- Arup B. Lane Powerpoint « Comments on structural fire response and collapse analysis » 2005

Sources « para-officielles »:

Autre lien

- G. Liu, D. K. Liu, andW. K. Chow Collapse Scenarios of High-Rise Buildings Using Plastic Limit Analysis 2009

- Jinkoo Kim, Taewan Kim, Assessment of progressive collapse-resisting capacity of steel moment frames Journal of Constructional Steel Research v.65, Issue 1 2009

- Feng Fu, Progressive collapse analysis of high-rise building with 3-D finite element modeling method (Abstract) Journal of Constructional Steel Research in press 2009

– Cheol-Ho Lee, Seonwoong Kim, Kyu-Hong Han, Kyungkoo Lee Simplified nonlinear progressive collapse analysis of welded steel moment frames Journal of Constructional Steel Research v. 65 Issue 5 2009

- Santiago Pujol, J. Paul Smith-Pardo A new perspective on the effects of abrupt column removal (Abstract) Engineering Structures, v. 31, Issue 4 2009

– Zdenek P. Bazant, Jia-Liang Le, Frank R. Greening, David B. Benson – What Did and Did not Cause Collapse of WTC Twin Towers in New York – Journal of Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 134, in press) 2008

-Hyun-Su Kim a, Jinkoo Kim b, Da-Woon An  Development of integrated system for progressive collapse analysis of building structures considering dynamic effects 2008

-Daigoro Isobe  Numerical simulations for investigation on true cause of the total collapse of the WTC towers 2008

- Uwe Starossek  Avoiding Disproportionate Collapse of Tall Buildings 2008

- B.A. Izzuddin, A.G. Vlassis, A.Y. Elghazouli, D.A. Nethercot Progressive collapse of multi-storey buildings due to sudden column loss — Part I: Simplified assessment framework Engineering Structures v. 30, Issue 5 2008

- A.G. Vlassis, B.A. Izzuddin, A.Y. Elghazouli, D.A. Nethercot Progressive collapse of multi-storey buildings due to sudden column loss—Part II: Application Engineering Structures v. 30, Issue 5 2008

- Ayhan Irfanoglu, Christoph M. Hoffmann – An Engineering Perspective of the Collapse of WTC-1 – Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities (Vol. 22, No. 1) 2008/01

- Xinzheng Lu1,2, Xuchuan Lin1, Yuhu Ma1, Yi Li1, Lieping Ye   Numerical Simulation for the Progressive Collapse of Concrete Building due to Earthquake 2008

- Fire-Induced Progressive Collapse Analyses of High-Rise Towers 2008 ?

- K. A. Seffen  Progressive Collapse of the World Trade Centre: a Simple Analysis 2008

- Cherepanov, G.P.  Collapse of towers as applied to September 11 events (Abstract) Materials Science v. 44 2008

- Kuligowski, E.D., Mileti, D.S. Modeling pre-evacuation delay by occupants in World Trade Center Towers 1 and 2 on September 11 (Abstract) Fire Safety Journal 2008

- Kodur, V.K.R. World Trade Center building disaster: Stimulus for innovations Indian Concrete Journal v. 82 2008

- Jeom Kee Paik, Bong Ju Kim Progressive collapse analysis of thin-walled box columns (Abstract) Thin-Walled Structures v. 46, Issue 5 2008

- Razdolsky, L. Fire load in a steel building design 4th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference 2008

- Rini, D., Lamont, S. Performance based structural fire engineering for modern building design (Abstract) Structures Congress 2008

- B.A. Izzuddin, A.G. Vlassis, A.Y. Elghazouli, D.A. Nethercot Progressive collapse of multi-storey buildings due to sudden column loss — Part I: Simplified assessment framework (Abstract) Engineering Structures v. 30, Issue 5 2008 = 31 $

- S.W. BANOVIC,  T. A. SIEWERT Failure of Welded Floor Truss Connections from the Exterior Wall during Collapse ofthe World Trade Center Towers 2007

- Allan Jowsey,  Barbara Lane, and Jose L. Torero Guillermo Rein1, Xun Zhang1,3, Paul Williams2, Ben Hume2, Alex Heise , MULTI-STOREY FIRE ANALYSIS FOR HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS 2007

- S.W. Banovic, T. Foecke, W.E. Luecke, J.D. McColskey, and C.N. McCowan, T.A. Siewert, and F.W. Gayle The Role of Metallurgy in the NIST Investigation of the World Trade Center Towers Collapse 2007



- Zdenek P. Bazant, Mathieu Verdure – Mechanics of Progressive Collapse: Learning from World Trade Center and Building Demolitions – Journal of Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 133, No. 3) 2007/03

- Taejin KIM, Taewan KIM, Jinkoo KIM and Jun-Hee PARK  Analytical Investigation of Collapse Resistance in Steel Moment Frames 2007

- Purdue University, Computer Graphics and Visualization Lab – High-Fidelity Visualization of Large-Scale Simulations 2006/09, 2007/04  lien suite

- Hansen, B. Building code changes reflect world trade center investigation (Abstract) Civil Engineering v. 77 (9) 2007

- Graeme Flint, Asif Usmani, Susan Lamont, Barbara Lane, and Jose Torero Structural Response of Tall Buildings to Multiple Floor Fires (Abstract) Journal of Structural Engineering v. 133 Issue 12 2007

- Marshall, A., Quintiere, J. A collective undergraduate class project reconstructing the September 11, 2001 world trade center fire ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition 2007

- Pfatteicher, S.K.A « A new era »: The limits of engineering expertise in a post-9/11 world International Symposium on Technology and Society 2007

- Vlassis, Anastasios G.; Izzuddin, Bassam A.; Elghazouli, Ahmed Y.; Nethercot, David A. Design Oriented Approach for Progressive Collapse Assessment of Steel Framed Buildings (Abstract) mai 2006 = 30 $

- Brent Blanchard and other Protec employees - A Critical Analysis of the Collapse of WTC Towers 1, 2 & 7 From a Conventional Explosives and Demolitions Industry Viewpoint 2006/08

- G. Flint, A.S. Usmani, S. Lamont, J. Torero and B. Lane, Effect of fire on composite long span truss floor systems (Abstract) Journal of Constructional Steel Research v. 62 (4) 2006

- Mohamed, O.A. Progressive collapse of structures: Annotated bibliography and comparison of codes and standards (Abstract) Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities v. 20 (4) 2006

- Usmani et all Collapse scenarios of WTC 1 & 2 with extension to generic tall buildings (Abstract) Congress on Fire Safety in Tall Buildings 2006

- Howard R. Baum, Ronald G. Rehm – A simple model of the World Trade Center fireball dynamics – Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (Vol. 30, No. 2) 2005/01

- Jowsey et all Determination of Fire Induced Collapse Mechanisms in Steel Framed Structures 4th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures 2005

-Susan Lamont, Barbara Lane,  Allan Jowsey, Graeme Flint, Asif Usmani and José Torero  Innovative Structural Engineering for Tall Buildings in Fire 2005

- B Lane, S Lamont  Arup Fire’s presentation regarding tall buildings and the events of 9/11 2005 ?

- Kuldeep Prasad and Howard R. Baum Coupled fire dynamics and thermal response of complex building structures Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 2005

- Usmani, A. S Stability of the World Trade Center Twin Towers Structural Frame in Multiple Floor Fires (Abstract) Journal of Engineering Mechanics v. 131 Issue 6 2005

- Karim, Mohammed R.; Fatt, Michelle S. Hoo Impact of the Boeing 767 Aircraft into the World Trade Center (Abstract). Journal of Engineering Mechanics v. 131 Issue 10 2005

- Omika, Yukihiro.; Fukuzawa, Eiji. Koshika, Norihide Structural Responses of World Trade Center under Aircraft Attacks (Abstract) Journal of Structural Engineering v. 131 no1 2005

- Chang, Jeremy; Buchanan, Andrew H.; Moss, Peter J Effect of insulation on the fire behaviour of steel floor trusses (Abstract) Fire and Materials v.29 : 4 2005

- Abolhassan, Genady P. Cherepanov September 11 And Fracture Mechanics, a Retrospective International Journal of Fracture v. 132 No. 2 2005

- Mendonça, D., Lee II, E.E., Wallace, W.A. Impact of the 2001 World Trade Center attack on critical interdependent infrastructures IEEE International Conference on Systems 2004

- RONALD HAMBURGER & ANDREW WHITTAKER DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES FOR BLAST-RELATED PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE RESISTANCE 2004

- Gayle, Frank W.; Banovic, Stephen W. Tim. Foecke The Structural Steel of the World Trade Center Towers Advanced Materials & Processes v. 162 no10 2004

- Nadine M. WTC Findings Uphold Structural Design ENR v. 253 no17 2004

- Marjanishvili, S.M. Progressive analysis procedure for progressive collapse Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities v. 18 (2) 2004

- Corley, W.G. Lessons learned on improving resistance of buildings to terrorist attacks Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities v. 18 (2) 2004

- Zhou, Q., Yu, T.X. Use of high-efficiency energy absorbing device to arrest progressive collapse of tall building Journal of Engineering Mechanics v. 130 (10) 2004

- Biederman, R.R., Sullivan, E.M., Sisson Jr., R.D., Vander Voort, Microstructural analysis of the steels from Buildings 7, & 1 or 2 from the World Trade Center Microscopy and Microanalysis v. 9 2003

- Griengsak Kaewkulchai, Eric B. Williamson DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF PLANAR FRAMES DURING PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE 2003

- Choi, S.K., Burgess, I.W. and Plank, R.J. The Behaviour of Lightweight Composite Floor Trusses in Fire Designing Structures for Fire 2003

- Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl – World Trade Center Collapse, Field Investigation and Analysis - Proceedings of the Ninth Arab Structural Engineering Conference, 29 November – 1 December 2003, Abu Dhabi

- Asif S. Usmani, Yun Chi Chung, Jose L. Torero – How did the WTC towers collapse? A new theory – Fire Safety Journal (Vol. 38, No. 6) 2003/10

- Gabrielson, T.B., Poese, M.E., & Atchley, A.A. Acoustic and Vibration Background Noise in the Collapsed Structure of the World Trade Center The Journal of Acoustical Society of America v. 113, no. 1 2003

- Wierzbicki, T.; Teng, X How the airplane wing cut through the exterior columns of the World Trade Center Journal of Impact Engineering v. 28 2003

- Venkatash K. R. Kodur – Role of fire resistance issues in the collapse of the Twin Towers – Proceedings of the CIB-CTBUH International Conference on Tall Buildings, 8 – 10 May 2003, Kuala Lumpu

- Beyler, C., D. White, M. Peatross, J. Trellis, S. Li, A. Luers, D. Hopkin Analysis of the Thermal Exposure in the Impact Areas of the World Trade Center Terrorist Attacks Third Congress on Forensic Engineering 2003

- Thater, G. G.; Panariello, G. F.; Cuoco, D. A. World Trade Center Disaster: Damage/Debris Assessment Third Congress on Forensic Engineering 2003

- Abboud, N., M. Levy, D. Tennant, J. Mould, H. Levine, S. King, C. Ekwueme, A. Jain, G. Hart. Anatomy of a Disaster: A Structural Investigation of the World Trade Center Collapses Third Congress on Forensic Engineering 2003

- Zdenek P. Bazant, Yong Zhou – Addendum to « Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse?—Simple Analysis » – Journal of Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 128, No. 3) 2002/03

- Zdenek P. Bazant, Yong Zhou – Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse?—Simple Analysis – Journal of Engineering Mechanics (Vol. 128, No. 1) 2002/01.

- Newland, D. E.; Cebon, D. Could the world trade center have been modified to prevent its collapse ? Journal of Engineering Mechanics v. 128 Issue 7 2002

- Marechaux, T.G. TMS Hot Topic Symposium Examines WTC Collapse and Building Engineering JOM v. 54, no. 4 2002

- Lu Xinzheng, Jiang Jianjing – Simulation for the Collapse of WTC after Aeroplane Impact – Proceedings of the International Conference on Protection of Structures Against Hazard, 14 − 15 November 2002, Singapore - 2002/11

- Weidlinger Associates Inc. (WAI), LZA Technology/Thornton-Tomasetti, ARUPFire, Hughes Associates Inc., Hillman Environmental Group, RWDI, Z-Axis Corp – World Trade Center—Structural Engineering Investigation – 2002/10

- JL Torero, JQ Quintiere, T Steinhaus Fire Safety in High-rise Buildings, Lessons Learned from the WTC 2002

- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) – The Towers Lost and Beyond 2002/05

- Monahan, B. World Trade Center Collapse-Civil Engineering Considerations Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction v. 7, no. 3 2002

- Henry Petroski – The Fall of Skyscrapers – American Scientist (Vol. 90, No. 1) 2002/01

- Dr. Arden L. Bement, Jr. “Learning from 9/11: Understanding the Collapse of the World Trade Center” Committee of Science House of Representatives 2002

- Quintiere, J.G.; di Marzo, M.; Becker, R. A suggested cause of the fire-induced collapse of the World Trade Towers, Fire Safety Journal v. 37 Issue 7 2002

- Anne Powell Dissecting the Collapses Civil Engineering ASCE v. 72 N°5 2002

- Brannigan, F.L. WTC: Lightweight Steel and High-Rise Buildings Fire Engineering v.155 no. 4 2002

- Fema Construction and Collapse Factors Fire Engineering v.155 no. 10 2002

- Corbett, G.P. Learning and Applying the Lessons of the WTC Disaster Fire Engineering v.155 no. 10 2002

- Norman J. Glover Collapse Lessons Fire Engineering v. 155 no. 10 2002

- Burgess, I.W. Fire Resistance of Framed Buildings Physics Education v. 37 (5) 2002

- Thomas W. Eagar, Christopher Musso – Why Did the World Trade Center Collapse? Science, Engineering, and Speculation – JOM (Vol. 53, No. 12) 2001/12

- Steven Ashley – When the Twin Towers Fell – Scientific American  2001/10

- Pinsker, Lisa, M. Applying Geology at the World Trade Center Site Geotimes v. 46, no. 11 2001

- Quan Birnbaum Computer simulation of impact and collapse of New York WTC North Tower on September 11 2001

- Clifton, Charles G., Elaboration on Aspects of the Postulated Collapse of the World Trade Centre Twin Towers, Innovation in Metals 2001

- Swinden Technology Centre The behaviour of multi-storey steel framed buildings in fire 1999

- Gilmour, Virdi Numerical modelling of the progressive of framed structures as a result of impact or explosion 1998

- F. R. Greening   ENERGY TRANSFER IN THE WTC COLLAPSE année ?

- Adeeb Rahman, Rami Hawileh, and Mustafa Mahamid PERFORMANCE OF SHEAR TAB STEEL CONNECTIONS USED IN HIGH RISE BUILDINGS DUE TO FIRE LOADING année ?-

-ASIF USMANI A VERY SIMPLE METHOD FOR ASSESSING TALL BUILDING SAFETY IN MAJOR FIRES année ?

- Genady P. Cherepanov Mechanics of the WTC collapse International Journal of Fracture v. 141 No. 1-2

- Ming Wang, Peter Chang, James Quintiere, and Andre Marshall Scale Modeling of the 96th Floor of World Trade Center Tower 1 Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities v. 21 Issue 6

-RONALD HAMBURGER   Alternative Methods of Evaluating and Achieving Progressive Collapse Resistance année ?

- T. Krauthammer AISC RESEARCH ON STRUCTURAL STEEL TO RESIST BLAST AND PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE année ?

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